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spanish version

 

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GeomeEKAtria
Estonian Academy of Arts

Design Concept

“Push & Pull” forces: The building resembles a game of “push & pull” forces, since it will host different faculties and disciplines under the same cover. These dynamic forces become furthermore evident the higher the building gets, forming a spiral in movement which finally disappears in the sky.

This concept has arisen from our intention to deal with the Academy of Arts as a special building, that could bring together the spirit of the old town of Tallin and at the same time be a completely contemporary solution of architecture, forming a new landmark for the city. This spiral effect also creates the notion of an urban node, which was one of the purposes of the design competition.



Courtyards as continuity of public urban space.

Ice cracks as a poetic entry of light.
Illumination and ventilation:

There are two courtyards, one in the building of phase 1 and one in the building of phase 2, which is where the oak tree will eventually be placed. These courtyards give illumination and ventilation to the internal classrooms and to other facility rooms, like the gallery and the shop on the ground floor, the cafeteria and the computer labs on the first floor, and finally the common used spaces of the different departments.

The courtyards on each floor are of a different size, always following the direction of displacement of the tree. This gives an interesting scheme in the section of the building, because the displacement creates small terraces, each of different size, with up a whole series of events by giving a richer perspective and brings more life to the building. They can serve as an outside space in the summer, or as plant holding. The spiral of a winter storm has left these holes in the frozen ice in relation to several cracks, that run on the deck, on the inside facade and on the pavement of the ground floor.

Finally, we thought about the idea of ice cracks that would bring the light through reflection, as a proposal for illuminating the workshops at the basement floor. The sky lights on the pavement of the ground floor will be an assemblage of cut glass, where you will not see completely through, but you will get a glimpse of what is happening underneath. The same concept is used over the stairs strip.


Facades:Geometric patterns with parametric data


The facades come from the geometric pattern of placing the volumetric plan of the building vertically. This has given us a component, which then will be proliferated on a grid which is created by the chosen structure. At the same time this pattern shows a certain similarity to the geometric knitting patterns, a folk art tradition of Estonia. We have taken this pattern and have given it our own interpretation.

Using the parameter of natural illumination needed according to the internal uses of the building, we created diagrammatic images of the facade using bright color indicating the spaces that need more light and dark for the ones that they don´t need. Using this images and translating the colors to heights we created a matrix that we use in order to place the eight selected final components (from the totally opaque, to the totally transparent).


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